The Arctic is a polar region situated in the most northerly region of the planet. It is an area which is made up of several different countries including the US, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia and Russia. This is a place which is extremely hostile in terms of its climate with an ocean covered by ice. This is not an environment for the faint hearted as the temperatures in the summer are on average -10 degrees whereas in the winter this drops to as low as -68 degrees. High winds regularly make the conditions even worse. Of course, this means that the wildlife in the Arctic includes species which we will not see anywhere else in the world. Here we take a look at six of the coolest animals around.
These cute little creatures are much like their southern counter parts with the exception of their brilliant white coats. They tend to dig holes in the snow in order to keep warm. The hares will feed on berries, leaves and buds. They can run at speeds of around 40 mph which helps them evade the arctic wolves and foxes.
Not many people would have heard of the arctic fox but it is one of the most abundant species in the northern hemisphere. They are known for their exceptional hearing which helps them hunt out their prey which is usually much smaller animals such as voles, lemmings and the arctic hare above.
These seals seem rather small at first sight but are indeed on average over 6ft long and weigh over 400lbs. They are particularly distinctive due to their pure black eyes surrounded by white blubbery bodies. They spend most of their time in the ocean and have extremely good vision.
These birds are a common sight in the region. Although they do not reside exclusively in the Arctic, they will breed near the North Pole before they head off on an 11,000 mile flight to the Antarctic where they spend the winter. They have an exceptionally long life span, averaging 30 years. Diets include fish and small marine animals.
One of the few animals in the Arctic displaying any colour, these coastal birds generally exist in colonies on cliffs and islands. Their bright orange beaks are not just there for show as they are used for catching prey as they dive under the sea water. This is one of the reasons it is known as the ‘sea parrot’.
These animals are quite large and are considered as one of the main sources of subsistence for the Eskimos, providing food and clothing. Their name is derived from the fact that the males let off a really strong odour which is used to attract females. Musk oxen have a life expectancy of up to 20 years.
Author: This article was compiled by the team at Ladbrokes.com.
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