Wednesday, February 8, 2017

The Life of the Queen Bee

Posted in Animals, Nature, Photography by admin
With the help of some stunning photography, we take a journey through the life of the queen of the hive. Take a look at an amazing life cycle.

Queen Bee 1 The Life of the Queen Bee Let’s start at the very beginning, as the song goes! This is an example of a capped Queen cell. The conditions in the hive have become right for a swarm and when this happens the old queen lays eggs in to queen cups. These are larger than the normal cells in to which eggs are laid and have a vertical orientation, while the normal eggs are horizontal. Swarm cells will hang at the bottom of a frame within the hive. When an “emergency queen” is needed (otherwise known as a supersedure), then the cells are built out from the face of a frame. These queen cells may look like a super-sized peanut but they hold something inside much more precious than a nut!
Queen Bee 2 The Life of the Queen Bee Workers will “decide” that they want to swarm for a number of reasons. As the population of a hive increases it gets rather cramped and a new hive is often needed. For the hive to function a new queen will be needed to populate it. In order to maximize the survival of a new hive, often a number of queen cells will be constructed. When the newly hatched queens emerge they will fight to the death. The winner will then destroy any unhatched queen cells and the swarm will begin. The workers above are beginning the construction of a new queen cell.

Queen Bee 3 The Life of the Queen Bee A cutaway of a queen cell shows the alien being developing within! It is not difficult to see where some Hollywood movie makers get their inspiration from! There is not a huge amount of time between the laying of the queen egg and that queen itself starting her own enormous family. The egg will hatch three days after it is laid and the larva grows and molts after that. On the eighth day the queen cell will be capped and the pupa stage will begin. The virgin queen will emerge on around the sixteenth day and take flight three to four days later. She will start to lay eggs herself from around the twenty third day. Amazing!
Queen Bee 4 The Life of the Queen Bee One of the reasons that the queen cell is so much bigger than a normal egg cell is that the queen has an enormous abdomen. This is a biological necessity – she is destined to become an egg laying machine. Spot the blob of blue paint on her thorax – something that beekeepers do to quickly locate the queen among her minions. If one of her daughters leaves the tank in a swarm, then they can take tens of thousands of bees with them. This will involve about five kilos of honey taken along for the ride. The beekeeper will usually remove queen cells – as they obviously don’t want to lose all that honey – often to an empty hive of their own.
Queen Bee 5 The Life of the Queen Bee The virgin queen that survives will fly to what is known as a “drone congregation area”. She will mate with around a dozen drones and store the sperm in her spematheca. This is an organ designed to receive and store sperm until it is needed. It is more often than not the place where fertilization occurs as well
Queen Bee 6 The Life of the Queen Bee She has a small window of opportunity here, though! If she does not mate within a few days then she will become a “drone layer”. As she will have no fertilized eggs that will spell the end of the colony. In very rare cases, something called thelytoky has been known to happen. This is where worker bees will lay the eggs of a new queen themselves, thus saving the colony. This is restricted to a few species, such as the Cape bee.
Queen Bee 7 The Life of the Queen Bee Do bees make a noise other than buzzing? Yes – and it is known as piping. This is produced by virgin and mated queens at certain times. The virgin pipes as she comes out of her cell. Once she has mated she may do it for some time afterwards as well. If you imagine a child’s trumpet, then you have a fair approximation of piping and it is audible to the human ear outside a hive! People argue as to its reason but most see it as a kind of battle cry. It is created by the flight motor (the wings, however, do not move when piping occurs). Others believe that it is a rallying call to workers and the best piper will get the most drones to follow them.
Queen Bee 8 The Life of the Queen Bee Many people believe that when bees swarm they are at their most dangerous. In fact, the opposite is true in reality. A swarm of bees is actually a fairly docile affair because, after all, they have no hive to protect at the moment, so what would the point be in stinging people. That said, it is best to be careful – especially if you are wearing primary colors – and stay clear. Nature is best left alone in these circumstances!
Queen Bee 9 The Life of the Queen Bee This can also be done artificially. As you can see, however, it is a process that involves great care and a deal of equipment. However, just as in the artificial insemination of mammals, this will ensure that the next generation the queen reproduces is exactly the one that the beekeeper desires. This will help eradicate pests such as mites (see below) and ensure some good honey in the process!
Queen Bee 10 The Life of the Queen Bee A common mistake amongst non apiarists is the assumed fact that the queen directly controls the hive. Effectively, however, her duty is as an egg making machine. She can lay about two thousand eggs a day in the spring. This amounts to more than her own weight in eggs each day. Surrounded continuously by workers, she needs for nothing. They give her food and take her waste away. They will also collect a pheromone which they then distribute to stop workers from starting queen cells.
Queen Bee 11 The Life of the Queen Bee This very close up of a queen bee shows one of its greatest – and smallest – enemies. The bee mite is an external parasite that attacks honey bees. It attaches itself to the bee’s body and sucks out its hemolymph. This is the blood analogue that is used by bees as they have an open circulatory system. Unfortunately the mite is more than just a pain in the neck. It can spread a host of viruses, including “Deformed Wing Virus” (does what it says on the packet) and the arrival of mites in a colony can often spell its demise. Scientists believe that the mite may contribute to the Colony Collapse Disorder (otherwise known as CCD) that is spreading throughout the United States.
Queen Bee 12 The Life of the Queen Bee

Incredible world from the bottom of the sea

Posted in Animals, Environment, Nature by admin
To most of us, seas and oceans are featureless expanses. On a good day, the vast surfaces stretching endlessly towards the horizon provide a picturesque foil for a sunset.
Yet these glassy waters hide an extraordinary world.

1 secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea

Early sightings of a dugong, or sea cow, were probably responsible for the myth of the mermaids. But their numbers are declining rapidly. The expedition headed to the Bazaruto archipelago, nine miles off the coast of Mozambique, to investigate the very last sustainable population of dugongs – which are related to elephants – in the western Indian Ocean
In fact, we know more about the surface of Mars than we do about the deep ocean floors, which is why a team of experts decided to probe a small part of the planet’s seas, and film it for an eight-part TV series, to be shown on BBC2 next month.
Headed by Paul Rose, ex-base commander of the British Antarctic Survey and dive trainer to the US navy, the Oceans team includes maritime archaeologist Lucy Blue, marine biologist and oceanographer Tooni Mahto, and conservationist Philippe Cousteau, grandson of the celebrated underwater pioneer Jacques.

2 secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea

One of the team’s divers observes a shoal of jacks circling with balletic precision. This behaviour is a source of much debate, but is thought to be a defence mechanism against predators
Over a year, they set up eight expeditions to seven different seas and oceans across the globe – spending more than 700 hours underwater, and completing 1,000 dives.
Their aim was to seek out the hidden secrets of our oceans and, ultimately, to better understand how much we rely on these enigmatic and alien places.
3  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea A giant manta ray, known to have the biggest brains of all fish, spotted off the south coast of Mozambique. In the background lurks a shark
Unfortunately, they also found found evidence of the changes wrought by mankind – warming seas destroying unique ecosystems and overfishing decimating entire species.
But there were also signs of hope: coral that harbour a special heat-resistant algae that could also protect the other reefs of the world, and marine creatures with amazing abilities to adapt to their changing world.
8  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea None of the dive team had ever seen a weedy sea dragon, found only in kelp forests. But Philippe Cousteau and Tooni Mahto struck lucky at Fortescue Bay, on the east coast of Tasmania

They saw rare and endangered creatures and dived in alien marine environments: pitch-black waters turned purple by toxic bacteria, and eerie tannin-stained waters housing bizarre creatures.
They even dived into a throng of sharks to test out a new repellent – and were relieved to find it worked.

7  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea Huge sunfish are indigenous to the Sea of Cortez, a strip between the Baja California peninsula and mainland Mexico, 60-130 miles wide and 995 miles long. These giants can grow up to six metres long

It is no surprise, then, that a new species was discovered by the team during almost every deepsea dive.
But there was more to find, including underwater caves that preserved the remains of lost civilisations and wrecks that spoke of ancient battles.

6  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea Sea coral grows in abundance on the sheer, underwater cliffs of the reef at the island of Pemba, 50 miles off the coast of East Africa and one of the three islands off Tanzania, along with Zanzibar and Mafia island

The mid-ocean ridge, a chain of mountains that runs through all the great seas, is 37,300 miles long, with an average height of 3,000 metres.
Together, the oceans make up an unimaginably vast environment wrapped around more than 70 per cent of the surface of the planet.

5  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea Despite the size of male sperm whales – which can reach up to 16 metres in length – sightings are rare. But when you see one, it’s worth the wait

Four-fifths of all life on Earth is found beneath the waves, and scientists estimate a million new species are out there waiting to be discovered. Below the surface of the oceans there are mountains that would dwarf the Himalayas, waterfalls bigger than Niagara and more active volcanoes than anywhere else on the planet.

4  secret world bottom of sea Incredible world from the bottom of the sea Paul Rose explores the wreck of the Paraportiani, a cargo ship that sank off the coast of East Africa in 1967

Most Stunning Animal Eyes

Posted in Animals, Beauty, Nature by admin

Have you ever been mesmerized by eyes before? Well prepare for more because here is a list of creatures that perhaps has the most amazing eyes in the whole animal kingdom. I’ll let the pictures do the talking.

Owls
Did you know owls’ eyes are fixed in their sockets? Which means their eye movements within their sockets are very limited – so instead they turn their entire head to see in different directions. They have forward-facing eyes which gives them well-developed binocular vision.

 Most Stunning Animal Eyes

 Most Stunning Animal Eyes

 Most Stunning Animal Eyes
Not only do they own pairs of incredible eyes, they also can manage funky facial expressions… O rly? Ya rly.
The next up are the…
Cuttlefish
Well okay these pairs of eyes are quite different…
What? Where’s the eye? Look closely, yep that’s right. That squiggly “W” shaped line is it! Despite its utter strangeness, their eyes is one of the most developed in the animal kingdom as we know it. (Did I mention they have green blood?).
 Most Stunning Animal Eyes
 Most Stunning Animal Eyes
 Most Stunning Animal Eyes
 Most Stunning Animal Eyes Cats
A cat’s eyes color can vary vastly! By the way do you know the nose pad of a cat has a unique pattern just like a human’s fingerprint?
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12 cat eyes Most Stunning Animal Eyes
11 cat eyes Most Stunning Animal Eyes Husky
Most people who has seen a husky before should recognize their very special eyes. Common traits of huskies are that they are very gentle, friendly and intelligent – although it does take time to train them well.

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9 siberian husky eyes Most Stunning Animal Eyes Frogs and Toads
Okay, so they’re different species so its actually it’s a tie, but take a look at their eyes! They are known to have irises that come in many colors – green, brown, red, bronze, silver and gold! They also have been seen to have different shapes as well. Including round pupils, horizontal-shaped pupils (that are more for day vision), vertical pupils (that looks like a line, which are great for night vision) , heart shape pupils (aww), triangular pupils and even star-shaped ones! Check them out!
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Incredible Beaches

Posted in Beauty by admin

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Spectacular Rock Formations Around the World

Posted in Beauty, Environment, Nature, Photography, Places, Travel by admin | Tags: , ,

Many of us immediately recall memories of mountains and hillside when we look back upon family vacations and scenic landscape. We sometimes forget, however, the incredible impact that nature has had on the planet over time. The natural erosion of the earth, caused by winds and harsh weathers, has resulted in the creation of some of the most incredible rock formations on the globe.

The next time you plan a vacation, include one or two of these breathtaking destinations on your list of things to see. These spectacular rock formations will leave you ready to hunt for more.

rock formations Spectacular Rock Formations Around the World

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Mother Earth’s Jungles

Posted in Animals, Nature, Places by admin
There is great beauty in the jungles of Mother Earth.

Mother Earth has some very beautiful and interesting jungles. So I decided that I would like to share with you the readers some awesome pictures and video of her many jungles.

1 Hawaii Maui Bamboo Jungle Mother Earths JunglesThere is great beauty in the jungles of Mother Earth.

Mother Earth has some very beautiful and interesting jungles. So I decided that I would like to share with you the readers some awesome pictures and video of her many jungles.

This amazing shot is from the ground looking up through the Bamboo trees in the Hawaii Maui Bamboo Jungle. The foliage on the trees nearly blots out the sky above the jungle. The trees grow very tall, as they have to compete for sunlight.

2 Hawaii Maui Bamboo Jungle Mother Earths JunglesThis next picture is very cool. It is a jungle waterfall in Belize.

They also give jungle tours in the Belize Jungle and I thought it would be cool to share with you the readers some video on this. Hope you enjoy the video.

3 Blue Nile Falls Ethiopia Mother Earths Jungles

This is the Blue Nile Falls in Ethiopia. You can see with a glance the power of Mother Nature at work.

4 Blue Nile Falls Ethiopia Mother Earths Jungles

5 Blue Nile Falls Ethiopia crocodile Mother Earths JunglesThere are some very big crocodiles here and throughout the Nile River. They can grow to over 200 kg. Take a long hard look at this one and you are the judge.

This is an awesome picture of one! If you are thinking about swimming in these waters, you may want to reconsider. Look at the video below and think safety.

6 Brazil tropical rainforest palm trees banana trees in foreground tweaked 1 JBG Mother Earths Jungles

Welcome to Brazil and let me introduce you to the Rain forest. This is one of my greatest loves. I enjoy researching the many plants as I feel they hold medicines that may well cure many diseases.

7 Brazil tropical rainforest palm trees banana trees in foreground tweaked 1 JBG Mother Earths Jungles

8 Brazil tropical rainforest toucan Mother Earths JunglesMother Nature is sure beautiful.

The Rain Forest watershed is home to many beautiful creatures such as in the picture below. What will happen to these animals big and small? The Brazil Rainforest if destroyed it will definitely have an effect on the people, wildlife and the world.

The video below gives some kind of idea as to how many kinds of plants and wildlife there is in the rainforest.

The jungle of Costa Rica is also very beautiful and you may find dwellings such as this one below scattered in places throughout it.

Costa Rica get almost 300 inches of rainfall each year and that my friends is a lot of water. One of my favorite pictures is the one below. You can see the volcanoes in the background of the picture as well as the lush green jungle.

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Costa Rica also has some very beautiful wildlife. Take a long hard look at this beautiful Rufous-tailed Hummingbird captured in the highlands over the central valley Costa Rica. This is just exceptional beauty and my hat is off to the person that caught this with their camera.
13 sountern india jungle Mother Earths JunglesThere is lots of beautiful jungles in Southern I

ndia as well so let me show you the reader some of what I have came up with while researching the jungles in this area too.

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My favorite picks of wildlife are the White Bengal Tiger.

You can find this great creature located on the Mainland of Southern Asia and in Central and Southern India. They live in the grassy/swampy areas of the forest. They are also a protected species now.

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17 Royal Bengal Tiger Mother Earths JunglesI also love the Royal Bengal Tiger, as it is another very awesome creature in the big cat family that deserves a mention as well.

Never underestimate the tiger, as they are very unpredictable, as you will see in the video below.

8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

Posted in Beauty, Environment, Nature by admin
Erg Awbari Oasis

1 Erg Awbari Oasis 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
2 Erg Awbari Oasis 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

3 Erg Awbari Oasis 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert RevealedUbari Lakes are part of Erg Awbari Oasis in the Sahara. Located near Fezzan and 30kms north of Germa in Libya, these salt water lakes are a central trading point for many locals, who gather at the edges of the lake selling souvenirs and other goods
Umm Al-Maa, meaning Mother of Water, is one of the largest lakes in the oasis but unfortunately, like all the lakes, the water table in the area is so low that the lakes are drying up.
As well as the waters being extremely dirty, the saline levels are now similar to the Dead Sea (which is great news if you like floating in crud). The abandoned city of Gebraoun is also relatively nearby with its impressive ruins, the settlement is testament to the life-sustaining qualities that the lakes once had.
Turpan

4 Turpan 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
5 Turpan 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

Turpan, or Tulufan as it’s also known, is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uygur Region in China. It is just 8km west of the ruined city of Jiaohe, a border garrison town destroyed by Genghis Khan during the Han dynasty.

Lençóis Maranhenses National Park

6 Maranhenses National Park 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
7  Maranhenses National Park 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
8 Maranhenses National Park 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

This wonderful desert lake is set within Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, Maranhao, Brasil. It forms part of a system of fresh water lagoons which fill up with rainwater during the first six months of the year and then gradually evaporate over time to be topped up again the following year. Some of the lakes within the park are dotted with palm trees. This lonely lake, however, has one solitary dry branch decorating its banks.

Crescent Lake

9 Crescent Lake 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

10 Crescent Lake 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert RevealedCrescent Lake in China’s Gobi Desert sits on the edge of an ancient city that once saw traders embark on their journey along the Silk Road to the West. Today it is drying up and has dropped more than 25 feet in the last 30 years, in part due to water being redirected for local farmers and a doubling of population, resulting in the slow disappearance of a lake that has existed for thousands of years.
Oasis of Chebika

11 Oasis of Chebika 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
12 Oasis of Chebika 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
13 Oasis of Chebika 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

The beautiful oasis of Chebika in Tunisia is probably one that most people know about without realizing it. It is where Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope was filmed. The story goes that the oasis was actually named after one of the characters, Chewbacca.

Khar Nuur

14 Khar Nuur 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed
15 Khar Nuur 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

This remote desert lake, fringed by sand dunes is located in Khar Nuur, Mongolia. It’s a refreshing swimming spot for travelers who manage to venture into one of the world’s vast desert plains.

Tarout Island

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17 Tarout Island 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert RevealedThis castle is part of an oasis on the western shore of the Persian Gulf in Saudi Arabia, called Qatif. The city dates back to 3,500 BC.
It was believed to be the Garden of Eden, a piece of Heaven on Earth, and was for many years the main town and port in the western Gulf, which meant it was a popular spot for invasion and take over by ruling powers through the ages. This resulted in an eclectic mix of architecture and the area now boasts some of the best archeological sites in the kingdom.
The Island has no hotels, nor hostals. the government aim to develop its historical castle in the old town of Tarut by turn it to complex will include public garden, well our people hope plans go well.

Huacachina

18 Huacachina 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed

19 Huacachina 8 Hidden Paradise in the Desert Revealed Huacachina is a small oasis town in the Ica region of southwest Peru. This oasis, named ‘Oasis of Americas’, is a popular resort with local families and tourists. A legend says the lagoon was created when an inquisitive young hunter disturbed a beautiful princess bathing. She fled, leaving the pool of water behind which became the lagoon.

MYSTICAL COLOURS OF NATURE

Posted in Nature by admin

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Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves

Posted in Beauty, People and Society, Photography by admin

1 BAMIYAN 461 Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves
2 BAMIYAN 461 Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves
3 BAMIYAN 461 Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves
4 BAMIYAN 461 Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves
5 BAMIYAN 461 Oldest Oil Paintings Found in Caves

A newly discovered mural is one of many in 12 of Afghanistan’s famed Bamian caves that show evidence of an oil-based binder. The binder was used to dry paint and help it adhere to rocky surfaces.
The murals—and the remains of two giant, destroyed Buddhas—include the world’s oldest known oil-based paint, predating European uses of the substance by at least a hundred years, scientists announced late last month.
Researchers made the discovery while conducting a chemical analysis as part of preservation and restoration efforts at Bamian, which lies about 145 miles (240 kilometers) northwest of the Afghan capital, Kabul.
Seen in a 2005 photo, a towering alcove in Afghanistan’s Bamian Valley cliffs shows the former home of a giant Buddha statue. Dating to between the fifth and ninth centuries A.D., the statue was one of a pair destroyed by Taliban officials in 2001.
Researchers have found that the paint used on the Buddhas, along with murals in 12 of 50 painted Bamian caves, contained oil-based binders—the world’s oldest known examples of oil paintings.
A Buddhist mural dated to around the seventh century A.D. is one of many in Afghanistan’s Bamian Valley that were recently found to contain oil- and resin-based paints.
The use of the substances at such an early date is a surprise, since they require sophisticated knowledge of chemical properties, scientists say.
Oil is used in paints to help fix dyes and help them adhere to surfaces. It also changes a paint’s drying time and viscosity.
Europeans began using oil in their pictures by about 800 A.D., but the new research on the Central Asian pushes back the onset of oil-based painting by at least a hundred years.
Researchers hope to find even earlier examples by studying other Central Asian sites.
Another mural from the Bamian cave Foladi 6 has been dated to the eighth century A.D. Its artists used an oil-based paint, scientists say, in an early example of mixing organic binding agents with pigments